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The Production and Properties of Hydrochloric Acid - 31 Oct 2015 17:19

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[[html]]<img alt="Hydrochloic Acid is Corrosive" data-caption="Hydrochloic Acid is Corrosive" data-credit="Greschoj" data-credit-link="http://www.sxc.hu/photo/1057829" src="https://static.suite.io/article_images/orig/1c03666a-155b-407c-9159-9511491add03.jpg" title="Hydrochloic Acid is Corrosive"/>Hydrochloric acid is a strong mineral acid with a long history, which is used for many different industrial applications. It is a monoprotic acid, which means that it only gives one hydrogen ion (proton) when it is ionised in solution. It is a solution of hydrogen chloride, which is a gas at room temperature and pressure, but is very soluble in water.The History of Hydrochloric Acid<br><br>Hydrochloric acid was used by alchemists in the Middle Ages, when it was a constituent of Aqua Regia, with phosphoric acid. When it was first isolated, in the 16th Century, it was known as muriatic Acid, which has the meaning of 'pertaining to salt or brine', because it was produced by adding vitriol ( sulfuric acid) to salt ( sodium chloride). Its industrial production began during the Industrial Revolution, initially as a bi-product in the manufacture of sodium carbonate.<br><br>Manufacture of Hydrochloric Acid<br><br>Annually, global industry manufactures more than 20 million tonnes of hydrochloric acid. Many of the current methods of manufacture of the acid produce a bi-product of another process. For example, when brine or sodium chloride solution is electrolysed, sodium hydroxide is one product, and hydrogen and chlorine gases are evolved, which are reacted to form hydrogen chloride gas, which is dissolved in water to make hydrochloric acid.<br><br>Another example is in the chlorination of organic compounds. Chlorine gas is used, which displaces a hydrogen atom in the organic compound, with the bi-product being hydrogen chloride gas. A further source of hydrogen chloride is in the incineration of chlorinated waste.<br><br>Uses of Hydrochloric Acid<br><br>Hydrochloric acid is used in the steel industry in a process known as pickling, which effectively cleans up rusty metal. The acid is also used in the production of organic compounds such as vinyl chloride and dichloroethane which are used in the manufacture of PVC, bisphenol A, used in the manufacture of polycarbonate, and many pharmaceutical products.<br><br>It is also used in a range of inorganic processes, including the production of iron(III) chloride and polyaluminium chloride, which are used as flocculation and coagulation agents in water treatment. It is also used in the production of nickel (II) chloride for electroplating and zinc chloride for galvanising and battery manufacture. The acid is also used to clean bricks and etch concrete in the building industry, and in many household cleaning products.<br><br>Safe Use of Hydrochloric Acid<br><br>Hydrochloric acid is commonly produced and transported at a concentration of 38 percent any higher and there is too much evaporation. However, at this concentration the acid is extremely corrosive and must be handled with great care and personal protective equipment must be worn, including gloves, protective clothing and eye protection.<br><br>Source:<br><br>Hydrochloric Acid, Information, on hydrochloric-acid.co.uk , accessed 4th January 2011<br><br>[[/html]] - Comments: 0

A Carpet Care Company's Unconventional Path to Franchising - 31 Oct 2015 12:23

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[[html]]Franchise Players is Entrepreneur's Q&amp;A interview column that puts the spotlight on franchisees. If you're a franchisee with advice and tips to share, email moc.ruenerpertne|rolyatk#moc.ruenerpertne|rolyatk.<br><br>Milliken &amp; Company, one of the largest privately held textile and chemical manufactures in the world, is also one of the oldest, celebrating 150 years in business this year. In 1996, the company decided to restructure its textile and carpet care arm of the company: MilliCare. For the first time, MilliCare was a franchise. Unlike many franchised companies, leadership decided to work with partners and contractors in shaping the new franchise. Some of these contractors, such as Thomas Holland, became the company's first franchisees. Here is what Holland has learned. <br><br>Name: Thomas Holland<br><br>Franchise owned: I own the MilliCare Textile and Carpet Care franchises in Austin, Houston, Dallas and San Antonio, Texas.<br><br>How long have you owned a franchise? <br><br>I purchased the Dallas franchise almost 20 years ago and had so much success. We had opportunities to grow, so I purchased the other franchises and havent looked back.<br><br>Why franchising? <br><br>I hadnt had any experience in franchising previously. This situation was more about identifying with a larger brand and becoming known to our customers. With these MilliCare franchises, we can be more flexible when it comes to how we approach the customer. For those customers that are looking to work with small independent businesses, we can identify with that; for those looking to work with larger international type businesses, we can represent that type of organization as well.<br><br>Related: This Franchisee Has Long Been in the Telemarketing Biz, But His Heart 'Called Out' for Pretzels<br><br>What were you doing before you became a franchise owner? <br><br>Previously, I did some consulting work and had worked in the restaurant business as well. My family also owned a contract furniture and design company in El Paso and worked with Milliken the parent company of MilliCare as a maintenance contractor. My mother had hired me to start the flooring division of that company. I didnt have any knowledge in flooring at the time (I knew the fuzzy side of carpet went up), but it was an exciting opportunity to grow a business from nothing into something substantial.<br><br>Why did you choose this particular franchise? <br><br>There was already a relationship with Milliken, the parent company of MilliCare. This was a new franchise for them as well, so everyone was new to the table. It was different because most franchises are started by an independent company who has an idea and they want to grow it. So, typically the franchisor is someone who has already worked in the business.<br><br>Milliken was the opposite. They wanted to create a franchise concept, so went out to their partners in the market and some of their contractors and said help us create this. There were pros and cons with that approach. The advantage was there was a lot of trust among the members from the onset. The disadvantage was the standardized operating system was not quite there yet and it took a few years to get it together. The only thing standard in the beginning was everyone was buying the same carpet cleaning materials.<br><br>How much would you estimate you spent before you were officially open for business? <br><br>This was an existing business that already had the equipment and internal systems, but when we moved to Dallas to start the newer franchise, we probably spent roughly $20,000 on starter equipment and inventory, and in the first year, probably $100,000 on labor equipment and inventory.<br><br>Where did you get most of your advice/do most of your research? <br><br>Most of my advice in the business world has come from my mother and the network of MilliCare franchises that Ive befriended over the years. As I previously mentioned, she owned her own very successful commercial interior design and contract furniture business, so not only did I use her to lean on, I was able to ask customers and other franchise owners questions that have helped me with my businesses. Those existing customers were a big resource to research in terms of what was important to them. I also had the opportunity to speak to some other contractors that were entering the franchising world, and that turned out to be valuable as well.<br><br>My mom is the one that told me to find people who have strengths I dont have, which I think weve done. You have to build a team, especially in the service business that is passionate about providing service. We focus on communication among our team, which we feel is a key competitive advantage. We practice open book management as well and disclose full financials twice a year to our employees. We bring in most of our employees during these twice a year meetings to meet and review all of our financials, goals, results and do planning for the next six months. I firmly believe this commitment to communication and our team is why we were voted as a Top 100 places to work in Dallas in 2014 and have been an Inc. 5000 fastest growing company for three years.<br><br>Related: A Father-Son Team That Brings Serious Franchising Experience to a Fresh Pizza Concept<br><br>What were the most unexpected challenges of opening your franchise? <br><br>Obviously with the start of any new business, you are always concerned about the competition and the market they have already captured. Once you get those first couple of sales under your belt, its quite liberating. You really get that aha moment of "wow, I really can do this." You have to remain confident and trust yourself. Sometimes thats easier said than done.<br><br>The other big challenge was in the first year, the business got to a point where I was doing everything. Billing, cleaning, sales, working 24/7. Making that transition into the next stage was very challenging. I knew I could handle the sales side of the business but needed help on the operations side. I ended up hiring someone to help with operations even though in the short term it was tough financially. Finding the person to complement youwhether sales or operationsthat can really handle the side that you as the owner are not concentrating on, and having the trust in that person was definitely a challenge.<br><br>What advice do you have for individuals who want to own their own franchise? <br><br>Do you research and ask a lot of questions. Franchise contracts are long term and require a lot of trust between the franchisor and franchisee, so know what you are getting in to. Weve enjoyed the relationship that weve had and own two other franchises besides MilliCare. Dont rely upon your franchisor to make you successful. They are simply giving you the keys to the car, whether you get in and drive it to where you are going is up to you. <br><br>Whats next for you and your business? <br><br>Our goal is to continue to grow geographically, add more regional locations and grow the business. We are looking forward to celebrating our 20th year. I have developed lifelong friendships with some of the other franchise owners and corporate staff. Weve beaten the odds with our success and we have our team and network to thank for that. <br><br>Related: A Franchise Who Learned to 'Network' in Much More Than a Computer Kind of Way<br><br><a href='http://www.foxnews.com/us/2015/07/29/carpet-care-company-unconventional-path-to-franchising/'>http://www.foxnews.com/us/2015/07/29/carpet-care-company-unconventional-path-to-franchising/</a>[[/html]] - Comments: 0

Window Washer Confessions: Sky-High Risks, Fears and Fun Video - 29 Oct 2015 05:49

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[[html]]Transcript for Window Washer Confessions: Sky-High Risks, Fears and Fun <br><br><object width="400" height="241"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/NZ7KyADENDs&hl=en_US&fs=1&"></param><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true"></param><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always"></param><embed src="http://www.youtube.com/v/NZ7KyADENDs&hl=en_US&fs=1&" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true" width="400" height="241"></embed></object><br><br><img style="float:left;margin:10px;border:none;" src="http://www.posiesproducts.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Cleaning-Equipment-5.jpg" width="338" /><br><br>Being a window washer requires a certain amount of fearlessness. And if you happen to scrub the glass on city sky crepe scrapers, you better not be afraid of heights. Particularly when something goes very wrong. As it did today outside of America's tallest building. Here's ABC's Matt Gutman. Reporter: Imagine clinging to nothing but a dangling metal cable with almost 1,000 feet between you and the pavement below. Safety cable holding it right now and that's what it's supposed to do. Reporter: Today, that was a real life nightmare for two new York window washers. I hope god's with them and everything goes smooth. Reporter: Juan Lopez was cleaning the tallest building in the United States. The 104-story world trade center, which opened just last week on the site of the twin towers. The cause of the incident appearing to be equipment failure of the brake mechanism that supports the side of the rig. That, according to the president of this window washing company. Scaffolding gave way. They were okay, they were kind of still tied off, but now they have no options. Reporter: The two men were left hanging, 69 floors up. For two long hours, they hung on, clinging to the cable as 100 firefighters mapped out the rescue operation. Those emergency workers ultimately cutting through the double-paned glass. They then cut, finally, the outer layer of glass. When that was open, the workers were safely brought in and were transported to the hospital with only mild hypothermia. Reporter: Just after 2:00 P.M., the two window washers finally back on solid ground. Despite safety precautions, window washing can be a dangerous job. One man fell from more than 30 stories up. Reporter: To get a sense of what it's like to be suspended hundreds of feet above the ground as a window washer, I spent a day with this duo in Florida. This is where Jesse and Eddie punch in for the day. Fresh air. An office as big as the sky. And the chance for the unexpected. Dress code very office casual and a safety harness that fits a little snug. You want it to be snug but you don't want it to be so tight that it's cutting off the circulation. You have to be able to feel your extremities. In the event of a fall, it locks sol solid. Reporter: So, it's not surprising, clearview window cle cleaning's crew gave me a mandatory safety briefing. This is your working line. This is your emergency line. Reporter: Okay. I feel like I'm ready to climb. It's only then they let me step off into their office. Notice this hand still has a white knuckle grip. Now, I've rappelled before, but never with a pair of bucket toting, tattooed guys 400 feet in the air. Looking out is beautiful. You see sharks in the water. We're on the top of the buildings, going, shark! Shark! And they can't hear us. Reporter: And sometimes, for fun, they'll bust office workers slacking off. We catch them sleeping. One guy that was completely passed out sleeping, glasses all crooked. Reporter: You give it a knock? Slap that on the window. She woke up, started typing like she was doing work. Reporter: Not to one-up the window washers in Miami, but new York City boasts an estimated 50 million win does and pat shields has cleaned thousands of them for the rich and famous. Oscar winners, Tony winners, top artists. We've done everyone. I've been doing this 30 years now. Reporter: Sometimes, pat admits, he can't help but hear what's going on behind closed windows. I&lt;kfnw just heard, crack! And then children wailing and because the child was wailing, she smacked the child again. I called the customer, I said, look, your nanny has just struck your child. Next time I was there, the nanny was going and she had been replaced. Reporter: Like Eddie and Jesse, pat takes all the necessary safety precautions. Buckling at every window. The universal fear among most skyscraper window washers is a fear of falling. But for Patrick, it's also a fear of trying. I felt the electric running up my arm and I fell backwards. I didn't realize where I was. Reporter: A loose wire almost did him in above a deli. All I could think was, after all the crazy stuff we've done that I was going to end up vk to get retrieved from a deli awning when I finally bit the big one. Reporter: But the big one famously came for window washers Miguel and ed in 2008 in an accident eerily similar to today's in lower Manhattan. When they were working 47 stories up and the cable anchoring their scaffolding snapped. 30-year-old Edgar hit the ground at 125 miles per hour and died instantly. But only a few feet away. Paramedics were astonished to find 37-year-old Miguel alive. If you are a believer in miracles, this would be one. Reporter: Miguel apparently rode the scratch folding like a surf board as window washers are trained to do. He woke up from a coma and Christmas day and reached for his wife, Rosie. I don't know what to tell you. I'm still in shock. Reporter: Almost just as miraculous, four months after the accident, Miguel walked out on his own two feet. He has no plans to climb tall buildings anymore. But Eddie and Jesse are still jazzed by the heights. I get an adrenaline rush doing this. Reporter: But for those world trade center window washers, 69 stories up today, perhaps they got a little too much adrenaline. For "Nightline," I'm Matt Gutman in Miami.<br><br>This transcript has been automatically generated and may not be 100% accurate.<br><br><a href='http://abcnews.go.com/Nightline/video/window-washer-confessions-sky-high-risks-fears-fun-26879354'>http://abcnews.go.com/Nightline/video/window-washer-confessions-sky-high-risks-fears-fun-26879354</a><br><br>[[/html]] - Comments: 0

Minnesota Twins Name Tennant Company Strategic Cleaning Solutions Partner - 28 Oct 2015 22:12

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[[html]]<img src="http://cfnewsads.thomasnet.com/images/large/566/566814.jpg" width="317" /><br><br><object width="400" height="241"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/q7ePR1xQpu0&hl=en_US&fs=1&"></param><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true"></param><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always"></param><embed src="http://www.youtube.com/v/q7ePR1xQpu0&hl=en_US&fs=1&" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true" width="400" height="241"></embed></object><br><br>MINNEAPOLIS(BUSINESS WIRE)Tennant Company (NYSE: TNC), a world leader in designing, manufacturing and marketing of solutions that help create a cleaner, safer, healthier world, has been named the strategic cleaning partner for the Minnesota Twins. As a leading innovator of sustainable cleaning solutions, the partnership further enhances the Minnesota Twins public commitment to water conservation and environmental sustainability. <br><br>More than a dozen Tennant cleaning machines will now be used to help keep the 39,021-seat open-air ballpark cleaner, safer and healthier for employees and fans. Tennant equipment will help the Minnesota Twins reduce their total cost to clean, maintain environmental health and safety, enhance the facilitys image and support their commitment to sustainability. Tennant provides cleaning equipment designed to handle the large-scale needs of the sporting events at Target Field. <br><br><img src="http://www.machines4cleaning.co.uk/images/logo/machine-for-cleaning.gif" width="359" /><br><br>Tennant Company is a local and global business leader and we are pleased to announce our partnership. The cleaning needs of Target Field are very specialized and we have worked closely with Tennant to identify the best solutions, with a focus on efficiency, cost effectiveness and sustainability, said Dave St. Peter, President, Minnesota Twins. This expanded partnership is beneficial as our mutual goal is to provide clean, healthy and aesthetically pleasing environments for our employees and fans visiting Target Field. And, as one of only two LEED-certified professional sports stadiums in the United States, Target Field and the Tennant portfolio of innovative, differentiated, sustainable offerings are a perfect fit. <br><br>Less than two years after being named the Greenest Ballpark in America and earning LEED (Leadership in Energy &amp; Environmental Design) Silver certification for new construction, the Twins were also the first professional sports franchise to attain LEED Silver Certification for the operation and maintenance of their facility. <br><br>Its an honor to expand the relationship between two Minnesota institutions: The Minnesota Twins and Tennant Company, said Rusty Zay, Senior Vice President, Global Marketing for Tennant Company. Tennant has earned a reputation as a trusted provider of products and services to stadiums and arenas around the country. Our products are designed to improve facility maintenance productivity and deliver high performance cleaning with a lower environmental footprint. Were thrilled to partner with our hometown team and help Target Field maintain its standing as the No. 1 baseball stadium experience in North America. <br><br>Tennant products offer the Minnesota Twins (www.twinsbaseball.com) a comprehensive cleaning portfolio to clean the stadium inside and out. A sampling of Tennant products being used include: powerful sweepers that provide excellent indoor and outdoor sweeping performance with optimized dust control; ride-on and walk-behind scrubbers that clean up to three times longer than conventional scrubbing and use up to 70% less water with the innovative ec-H2O technology; Orbio Multi-Surface Cleaning Solution, generated on-site with the Orbio 5000-Sc engineered by Tennant; and carpet extractors that provide fresh, clean carpets in minutes to reduce room and carpet area shutdown times. <br><br>About Tennant Company<br><br>Minneapolis-based Tennant Company (NYSE: TNC) is a world leader in designing, manufacturing and marketing solutions that help create a cleaner, safer, healthier world. Its products include equipment for maintaining surfaces in industrial, commercial and outdoor environments; chemical-free and other sustainable cleaning technologies; and coatings for protecting, repairing and upgrading surfaces. Tennant's global field service network is the most extensive in the industry. Tennant has manufacturing operations in Minneapolis, Minn.; Holland, Mich.; Louisville, Ky.; Uden, The Netherlands; the United Kingdom; So Paulo, Brazil; and Shanghai, China; and sells products directly in 15 countries and through distributors in more than 80 countries. For more information, visit www.tennantco.com. <br><br><a href='http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20140722005223/en/Minnesota-Twins-Tennant-Company-Strategic-Cleaning-Solutions'>http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20140722005223/en/Minnesota-Twins-Tennant-Company-Strategic-Cleaning-Solutions</a><br><br><object width="400" height="241"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/Nhosou1OreY&hl=en_US&fs=1&"></param><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true"></param><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always"></param><embed src="http://www.youtube.com/v/Nhosou1OreY&hl=en_US&fs=1&" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true" width="400" height="241"></embed></object><br><br>[[/html]] - Comments: 0

How do I clean my bike cleaning equipment? - 28 Oct 2015 18:32

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[[html]]Report Abuse Additional Details If you believe your intellectual property has been infringed and would like to file a complaint, please see our Copyright/IP Policy<br><br>Report Abuse <br><br>Cancel <br><br>Report Abuse Additional Details If you believe your intellectual property has been infringed and would like to file a complaint, please see our Copyright/IP Policy<br><br>Report Abuse <br><br>Cancel <br><br>Report Abuse Additional Details If you believe your intellectual property has been infringed and would like to file a complaint, please see our Copyright/IP Policy<br><br>Report Abuse <br><br>Cancel <br><br>[[/html]] - Comments: 0

Catering Equipment Checklist - InfoBarrel - 28 Oct 2015 05:20

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[[html]]Catering Equipment Checklist<br><br>Becoming a caterer is a life-changing event. It takes a lot of work to become a caterer but it is worth it. Catering is a fun job that allows you to make people happy. Any caterer will need a catering equipment checklist so they do not forget to purchase something important. There are a few basic items that should be put on the list including serving dishes, pots, pans, measuring spoons, spoons, spatulas and measuring cups. As with all lists, there is bound to be something that you forgot. Below are five items that you will want to put on your catering equipment checklist:<br><br>Rosseto Liteware Party Dishes Blossom Style Cups<br><br>The Rosseto Liteware Party Dishes Blossom Style Cups should be on any catering equipment checklist.They come in a set of twenty. They are made of a clear plastic so they will not break if dropped. Guests will not be able to tell that they are made of plastic as they look and feel like glass. They can be washed in a dishwasher, by hand and, if they get too bad, they can be recycled. These cups work perfect for small desserts. They are fancy enough for weddings, parties, anniversaries, bridal showers, holidays, baby showers and graduations. Buy a couple sets so there will be enough when catering large events. The Rosseto Liteware Party Dishes Blossom Style Cups are on every caterer's catering equipment checklist.Winware Eight Quart Stainless Steel Chafer<br><br>Another item that can be found on just about any catering equipment checklist is the Winware Eight Quart Stainless Steel Chafer. It includes a full size water pan that is two and a half inches deep and is dripless. Also included is a full size food pan. It is huge and can hold a lot of food. This chafer would look great on any buffet table. It has a full size lid with plastic handles that makes it easy to lift. The holding device will keep the lid out of the way while people are being served. The chafer rack with sterno holders makes this a convenient tool for any caterer. Two fuel holders are installed on this chafer. The stainless steel mirror finish makes this chafer a good serving dish for any fancy event including weddings and anniversaries. When making a catering equipment checklist, be sure add the Winware Eight Quart Stainless Steel Chafer.<br><br>Sitram Catering Saucier Pan 3.35 Quart<br><br>The Sitram Catering Saucier Pan 3.35 Quart is on every caterer's catering equipment checklist. It can withstand temperatures up to 1800 degrees. The thick copper core makes this possible. The 18/10 stainless steel adds durability and reliability to this pan. It will always keep its shine no matter what is thrown at it. It will not warp and will not scratch. This saucier pan is rivet free so it cannot become week. It is used at many upscale restaurants, five star hotels and cooking institutions. It is dishwasher safe so cleanup is easy. For those who want to hand clean it, there will be no effort required. It can be cleaned with no worrying about scratching by cleaning pad or harsh soaps. The Sitram Catering Saucier Pan 3.35 Quart is perfect for professional caterers and is on any professional catering equipment checklist.<br><br>Sitram Profiserie 4.9 Quart Commercial Stainless Steel Saut Pan<br><br>Look at any catering equipment checklist and you will find the Sitram Profiserie 4.9 Quart Commercial Stainless Steel Saut Pan. This is a professional saut pan that is perfect for searing, browning and braising. The warp-proof aluminum core makes this a great pan for use on induction or conventional burners. The handles are angled to make the pan easier to lift and the handles stay cool to prevent burns. The pan is constructed out of 18/10 stainless steel that will not scratch or warp. It is manufactured in the cooking capital of the world France. For peace of mind, this pan comes with a lifetime warranty. This pan can make enough food to feed an army yes, it is that large. Well, maybe not an army but you get the picture. The Sitram Profiserie 4.9 Quart Commercial Stainless Steel Saut Pan is the number one saut pan on any catering equipment checklist.<br><br>Sitram Catering 5.4 Quart Commercial Stainless Steel Braisier Stewpot<br><br>The Sitram Catering 5.4 Quart Commercial Stainless Steel Braisier Stewpot is a wonderful pot that should be on all catering equipment checklists. It is an ideal pan for braising, sauting, stewing, deep-frying and making sauces. It is manufactured out of high quality stainless steel. The handles are welded onto the pan. This makes the handles stronger. The steel is corrosion resistant and will resist staining. It is dishwasher safe, which will save cleaning time. It can withstand temperatures up to 1800 degrees Fahrenheit. This is a professional stewpot and is NSF certified. A lifetime warranty is included. The Sitram Catering 5.4 Quart Commercial Stainless Steel Braisier Stewpot is at the top of any caterer's catering equipment checklist.<br><br>Conclusion<br><br>Making a catering equipment checklist can help someone just getting into the catering business. It will allow them to plan a budget and be able to get everything they need while staying within that budget. Once one gets all the equipment they need, they can start to advertise. The best ways to advertise your business is by creating posters to put up everywhere you can. Business cards are essential. Whenever you hear someone mention that they are having a party, give them a business card. Leave a stack of business cards at each event you cater. If people like your food, they will take a business card and will call you for their next event. Remember, you do not have to buy all the equipment from your list. Only by the essential items. If you only have equipment to cater to small gatherings, do baby showers, bridal showers and birthday parties. Save the weddings, funerals and anniversaries for after you get established and can afford to purchase more equipment from your catering equipment checklist.<br><br>[[/html]] - Comments: 0

REG-SOITEC AND SCREEN COLLABORATE TO DELIVER ATOMIC-SCALE UNIFORMITY ON 300MM FD-SOI SUBSTRATES | Reuters - 25 Oct 2015 10:13

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[[html]]Ability to Mass Produce FD-SOI Substrates Enables Cost-Efficient Fabrication <br><br>of High-Performance Semiconductor Devices<br><br>Two industry leaders collaborate to produce atomic-scale uniformity substrates<br><br>Maximize FD-SOI production yields to meet worldwide market demand<br><br>Top 10 equipment supplier joins FD-SOI growing ecosystem<br><br>San Francisco, Calif. (SEMICON West 2015),July 13, 2015 - Soitec (Euronext), a world leader in designing and manufacturing semiconductor materials for the electronics and energy industries, and SCREEN Semiconductor Solutions Co., a leading manufacturer of advanced systems for the semiconductor industry, have jointly developed a high-volume process to achieve atomic-scale uniformity of 5 angstroms across the surface of all 300-mm fully depleted silicon-on-insulator (FD-SOI) wafers. Atomic-level control of SOI substrate top silicon thickness enables an excellent control of transistor geometry, key for fully depleted technology. This collaborative success not only maximizes FD-SOI substrate yields, but also represents another step in strengthening the global FD-SOI ecosystem.<br><br>The ability to create uniform layers of channel silicon ensures FD-SOI device performance and optimal electrical characteristics on all wafers surface. FD-SOI technology leverages starting wafers - on which circuits are built - consisting of an ultra-thin layer of top silicon over a thin buried oxide, with extremely tight control of top silicon uniformity to within just a few atoms. These layers form the active layers in the final transistor, and therefore must be as free of defects and as planar as possible.<br><br>Using Soitec's Smart Cut(TM) technology and SCREEN 's cost-efficient, proven robust single wafer-cleaner processing equipment compliant with FD-SOI manufacturing requirements, Soitec is able to consistently produce highly uniform FD-SOI wafers and will be able to do it in sufficient volume to meet the global semiconductor industry's market demand. FD-SOI enables high performance and power-efficiency for cost-sensitive processors in mobile, consumer, automotive and networking markets.<br><br>"Our strategic partnership with SCREEN enables us to produce ultra-thin FD-SOI substrates that meet chip makers' challenging requirements of atomic level resolution in high volume manufacturing. Our FD-SOI wafers are already qualified by a number of foundries," said Christophe Maleville, senior vice president of Soitec's Digital Electronics Business Unit. "We are extremely pleased to see such high support from SCREEN on FD-SOI manufacturing and we are looking forward to finalize our on-going efforts on 14nm FD-SOI node."<br><br>"SCREEN is proud to collaborate with Soitec on meeting this advanced technical challenge and enabling FD-SOI technology to reach high performance levels," said Dr. Olivier Vatel, CTO of SCREEN Semiconductor Solutions Co., Ltd."Our high-productivity cleaning systems are available and ready for the FD-SOI ecosystem. As an industry leader, we will continue to deliver world-class products that contribute to our customers' market success."<br><br>SCREEN's single-wafer cleaning equipment, the SU3200, delivers the industry's best productivity by using a perfect balance of high-speed cleaning capacity and highly stable processing. It has multiple process chambers, allowing each wafer to be treated individually with its own dedicated recipe based on incoming layer thicknesses, the desired surface condition to be achieved and a predictive etch model. Key advantages of the system include highly uniform chamber-to-chamber processing and cycle times for robust results, tight control of layer thicknesses, the elimination of defects and metal contamination and high productivity enabled by a versatile chemical-supply system.<br><br>About SCREEN Semiconductor Solutions: SCREEN Semiconductor Solutions has been established as a group company of SCREEN Holdings. It inherits all of the semiconductor equipment business from its predecessor, Dainippon Screen. On a base of the core technologies in etching and photolithography that has been cultivated over the years, it is a specialized manufacturer of semiconductor production equipment in various areas such as wafer cleaning equipment, lithography equipment and annealers, and is one of the world's top 10 suppliers. For more information, please visit:www.screen.co.jp/eng/spe.<br><br>SCREEN Media contact :<br class="hugin"/>Business Planning Dept.<br class="hugin"/>+81-75-417-2527<br class="hugin"/>pj.oc.neercs|ofnieps#pj.oc.neercs|ofnieps<br><br>About Soitec: Soitec (Euronext, Paris) is a world leader in designing and manufacturing semiconductor materials. The company uses its unique technologies and semiconductor expertise to serve the electronics and energy markets. With 3,600 patents worldwide, Soitec's strategy is based on disruptive innovation to answer its customers' needs for high performance, energy efficiency and cost competitiveness. Soitec has manufacturing facilities, R&amp;D centers and offices in Europe, the U.S. and Asia. For more information, please visit www.soitec.com and follow us on Twitter: @Soitec_EN and @Soitec_FR.<br><br># # #<br><br>This announcement is distributed by NASDAQ OMX Corporate Solutions on behalf of NASDAQ OMX Corporate Solutions clients.<br><br>The issuer of this announcement warrants that they are solely responsible for the content, accuracy and originality of the information contained therein.<br><br>Source: SOITEC via Globenewswire<br><br>HUG#1938057<br><br><a href='http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/07/13/idUSnHUG7LsC3M+1d5+ONE20150713'>http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/07/13/idUSnHUG7LsC3M+1d5+ONE20150713</a><br><br>[[/html]] - Comments: 0

Muckbusters: Williston hydroexcavating team saving homes, churches in South Carolina | Business - 24 Oct 2015 17:19

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[[html]]WILLISTON Theyve saved homes and churches in South Carolina, and along the way they unknowingly tapped into a new market that could help buoy their business while oil prices are down.<br><br>A team of hydroexcavators from C Company in Williston is among hundreds of volunteers who have poured into South Carolina to help with cleanup as floodwaters recede by using the hydrovacs that use a combination of water jets followed by high-power vacuum to pull material up or away quickly and efficiently. It can even be used underground without harming anything buried.<br><br>The technology is often used in the oil patch of North Dakota for cleaning up oil spills, pipeline inspections, slot trenching, frozen ground excavation, telephone line repair and pit cleaning. With this equipment, the crews have turned many cleanup jobs that might have taken weeks into just hours.<br><br>The Williston companys highly specialized equipment is uncommon in the South, and really anywhere outside of oil patches.<br><br>A person can just call them the muckbusters.<br><br>Weve been helping people who had no insurance with their houses, says Seth Church, managing member of C Company. The last couple days, we were over at a youth homeless shelter. We sucked out and cleaned up their drainage so they could get up and going.<br><br>In that particular project, they not only drained water and muck off the property, but uncovered a hidden danger while investigating a broken water line.<br><br>We trenched out the line in a relatively short period of time and found where they had an unknown wire across that. If theyd used a regular backhoe to dig that out, theyd have broken a power line, Church said.<br><br>Hydrovacs are commonly used in oil field work for just that sort of purpose, Church added. Digging out and locating utilities and pipelines with backhoes or even hand-digging can pose serious and costly risks. Lines are sometimes not where diagrams say they are. Workers sometimes misread the maps. Technologies meant to locate unknown hidden structures underground sometimes take inaccurate readings, leading to mishaps.<br><br>Meanwhile, a line strike costs an average $1.2 million each time it happens and puts the lives of nearby workers at risk.<br><br>C Companys first project in South Carolina was saving the Agape Church.<br><br>Flood waters had completely engulfed the church from rooftop to floor. As these waters receded, they left behind the typical slime and muck, scattered with random debris, that might have taken weeks to clean by conventional methods. But sometimes there isnt weeks to save a building. As seen during Hurricane Katrina, it doesnt take long for the cruddy material to plant molds in a building that make it forevermore uninhabitable.<br><br>With a hydrovac, however, a project that might have taken weeks and weeks with the hands of many volunteers was accomplished in a couple hours with a team of just four.<br><br>Church said a few C Company employees are from the South Carolina area. With oil prices being down, they knew the company could spare a truck. The technology is ideal for helping in the cleanup, so they asked to take some equipment down to help out, and the company gave its blessing.<br><br>They did it just to help, Church said, not expecting anything at all except to feel good for doing a good deed.<br><br>As often happens, however, good things follow in turn. While hes been in the area, Church has seen opportunities for future work for C Company. The type of highly specialized and expensive equipment they offer is uncommon in the South, but has so many applications for safety. That fact has not gone unnoticed by officials in the area.<br><br>We are so proud to come out and help and bring some technology that the South didnt have, Church said. And we are proud of the company for standing up and just trying to help the community down here. Ive seen a lot of people who have come from all over the country to help in a time of disaster, and Ive really just seen how compassionate many people in America are. I really believe this has brought out the best in everyone.<br><br>Its also been a great opportunity, Church said, to educate people about hydrovacing and the safety it offers when it comes to excavating around utilities.<br><br>Its a fairly new technology, so its not surprising if you dont know about it, Church says. Its used a lot in Canada, and now in the United States. Its growing extremely fast, because of the lifesaving and infrastructure savings it has. Theres a lot of education to be done still yet, but seriously, who really wants to risk fatalities? They are very unnecessary. We have the technology to prevent the extreme costs of explosions or outages.<br><br>Church said hes hopeful theyll be able to develop some new lines of work in South Carolina, though none of that was a thought when they first went down, and it doesnt change the companys main mission to serve the Bakken oil patch.<br><br>We havent left North Dakota, of course, we are still fully operational there, Church said. We have seven trucks and six are still in North Dakota.<br><br>C Company has taken several steps to strengthen itself and ride out the down oil cycle, and remains busy as a result.<br><br>Weve cut costs by 30 percent with better water management, and also by better logistics planning weve cut cost another 15 percent, Church said. There have been some technology advances that have helped us another 5 percent, so we are at 50 percent of the costs we were.<br><br>He believes the down cycle will last about three years, with 2015 being the first.<br><br>The top 10 percent of the companies will endure and come through it, he said. The others may not fare so well, but I believe that if you provide the top level of service, if youre the top 10 percent of any industry as far as safety and efficiency, you are always going to have work.<br><br>Church said most of their employees now live in the Bakken, and have brought their families along.<br><br>We want a sustainable employee base, he said. We want to be part of the community, rather than here today, gone tomorrow.<br><br>Church is thankful to the community of Williston for supporting his business.<br><br>They were all part of helping us help in South Carolina, Church said. Their support has allowed us to do this, and I am really thankful. If Id never gone to the Bakken and participated in the oil field, this opportunity would not have happened.<br><br>[[/html]] - Comments: 0

Weapons of Mass Destruction Handbook - 24 Oct 2015 13:15

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[[html]]As the United States and its allies continue the fight against international terrorist groups and the countries that may support them, there is increasing fear Americans at home will one day face the threat of weapons of mass destruction.<br><br>Such weapons include biological, chemical, nuclear and radiological devices, and range from the silent threat of a poison gas attack to a cataclysmic nuclear explosion. Those who would launch such attacks know thousands could die, of course, but their fundamental motive would be to strike fear and panic in tens of millions more.<br><br>In his State of the Union address on Jan. 28, 2003, President Bush instructed leaders of the FBI, CIA, Homeland Security Department and the Department of Defense to develop a Terrorist Threat Integration Center to merge and analyze all types of threat information in a single location so that the "right people are in the right places to protect our citizens."<br><br>In an effort to better inform our audience on the threat to America, Fox News offers this Weapons of Mass Destruction Handbook. The package presents an overview of the general threat of biological, chemical, nuclear and radiological weapons, along with much more specific and detailed information on the history, proliferation, delivery mechanisms and treatment/prevention options for such weapons.<br><br>Biological | Chemical | Nuclear | Radiological | Other | What To Do<br><br>Biological Warfare<br><br>History:<br><br>Terrorism involving biological weapons referred to along with chemical weapons as "the poor man's nuclear weapon" can range from putting deadly substances in the nation's food supply to the aerosolized release of a contagious virus over a city the size of New York or San Francisco.<br><br>The Biological Weapons Convention, signed in 1972, prohibits the manufacture, stockpiling and use of biological weapons. But there are several countries that continue to make and study them. Some countries' stockpiles are unaccounted for, as is the case with Iraq.<br><br>Former President Nixon banned the production and use of biological warfare agents in 1969, ending the U.S. biowarfare program. The Soviet Union's biowarfare program, Biopreparat, lasted until the 1990s.<br><br>The United States in January announced a bioterrorism detection system that would provide early warning if smallpox, anthrax or other deadly germs are released into the environment. The system was tested throughout 2002, including at the Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City, Utah.<br><br>On Jan. 28, Bush announced that he will ask for $6 billion in his fiscal 2004 budget to launch "Project Bioshield," a major research and production effort to make sure effective vaccines and treatments against bioterrorism agents are available.<br><br>Weapons:<br><br>Anthrax, botulinum toxin, plague, ricin, smallpox, tularemia and viral hemorrhagic fevers are on the top of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention's list of biological weapons, considered "Category A" weapons most likely to be used in an attack.<br><br>"Category B" weapons are second-highest priority to the CDC, because they are fairly easy to disseminate, cause moderate amounts of disease and low fatality rates. But these weapons require specific public-health action such as improved diagnostic and detection systems. These agents include: Q fever, brucellosis, glanders, ricin, Enterotoxin B, viral encephalitis, food safety threats, water safety threats, meliodosis, psittacosis and typhus fever.<br><br>"Category C" weapons, described by the CDC as "emerging infectious disease threats," are fairly easy to obtain, produce and disseminate and can produce high rates of disease and mortality. These include the Nipah virus and Hantavirus.<br><br>Other agents some nations may use as weapons include: aflatoxin, trichothecene mycotoxins, multi-drug tuberculosis, bacteria such as trench fever and scrub typhus, viruses such as influenza and various forms of hemorrhagic fever, fungi and protozoa.<br><br>Agricultural bioterrorism could produce famine or widespread malnutrition. These include foot-and-mouth disease, mad cow disease, swine fever and karnal bunt of wheat.<br><br>Delivery Systems:<br><br>Biological weapons can be aerosolized, meaning they can be easily spread into the air and inhaled by humans. These weapons can also be put into food or water supplies, where they would be ingested. Many will also cause harm if they contact human skin.<br><br>Symptoms: Symptoms can include flu-like symptoms, exhaustion, pneumonia, weight loss, stomach pain, diarrhea, respiratory failure and shock.<br><br>Treatment:<br><br>Biological weapons often take weeks or months to take their toll. Public health systems often can't pinpoint bioterrorism right away, because symptoms often mirror ones exhibited by a person with the common cold or the flu.<br><br>Treatments include antidotes, antibiotics, vaccines and pumping of the stomach.<br><br>Who Has It:<br><br>Russia is known to have stockpiles of various biological weapons. The United States studies some substances, such as anthrax, in laboratories. Iraq, North Korea and Syria are a few nations thought to still possess biological weapons.<br><br>Chemical Warfare<br><br>History:<br><br>The first major use of chemical weapons in modern times came when Germany launched a large-scale poison gas attack against French troops on the battlefield of Ypres in 1915. Allies responded with their own chemical weapons.<br><br>By the end of the war, chemical warfare had inflicted over 1 million casualties, of which around 90,000 were fatal.<br><br>Hydrogen cyanide and carbon monoxide were used by the Germans to murder millions of people in extermination camps during World War II.<br><br>During the Vietnam War, the United States used tear gas and several types of defoliants, including Agent Orange.<br><br>The 1925 Geneva Protocol prohibits "the use in war of asphyxiating, poisonous or other gases, and of bacteriological methods of warfare." But it didn't prohibit the manufacturing and stockpiling of these weapons. About 40 countries ratified the protocol.<br><br>More than 140 nations signed the Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993, which bans the development, production and possession of chemical weapons. Nonetheless, a number of nations are believe to have the weapons.<br><br>Chemical agents are classified according to the symptoms they cause, such as blistering and nerve agents.<br><br>Weapons:<br><br><object width="400" height="241"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/DOsEBnwAtOU&hl=en_US&fs=1&"></param><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true"></param><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always"></param><embed src="http://www.youtube.com/v/DOsEBnwAtOU&hl=en_US&fs=1&" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true" width="400" height="241"></embed></object><br><br>Mustard gas, sarin (GB), VX, soman (GD) and tabun.<br><br>Other forms of chemical agents include: blood agents, including cyanide, arsine, cyanogens chloride and hydrogen chloride; choking agents, including chlorine, diphosgene and phosgene; other nerve agents; and vesicants, such as distilled mustard, ethyldichloroarsine, mustard-lewisite mixture and forms of nitrogen mustard.<br><br>There are also "harassing agents," such as riot control chemicals and vomiting agents.<br><br>Toxic weapons are made from readily available material used in various industrial operations. The most common types of hazardous materials used in toxic weapons are irritants, choking agents, flammable industrial gas, water supply contaminants, oxidizers, chemical asphyxiates, incendiary gases and liquids, industrial compounds and organophosphate pesticides.<br><br>Various forms of toxic waste, such as petroleum spills, smoke, refuse, sewage and medical waste also can be used in toxic warfare. Toxic warfare has been used often in recent years.<br><br>Delivery Systems:<br><br>Skin contact, inhalation or eye contact are possible delivery systems. Chemicals can also be deployed via commercial handheld agricultural sprayers, crop dusters, spray tanks on aircraft or ships, via munitions delivered in gravity bombs, or in warheads on ballistic or cruise missiles. Water and food contamination is also possible. Then there's the simple delivery system of opening a container full of harmful chemicals in a crowded area, such as a city subway.<br><br>Symptoms:<br><br>Symptoms can range from burning or blistering of the skin and eyes, coughing, respiratory disease, dizziness, nausea, drowsiness, headache, convulsions, involuntary defecation and urination, twitching, water-like blisters jerking and miosis, which is the excessive contraction of eye pupils.<br><br>Indicators of a possible chemical incident include: numerous dead insects and animals in the area; mass human casualties soon after an attack; numerous surfaces having oily droplets or film; discolored or withered trees, shrubs, bushes, food crops or lawns; unexplained odors ranging from fruity to flowery, to sharp or pungent garlic or horseradish smells, bitter almond or peach odors and a smell of hay.<br><br>Treatment:<br><br>Methods used to relieve suffering include antibiotics, antidotes, painkillers, dressings for skin burns, rinsing of eyes and skin and scrubbing of the skin with bleach or other household cleaning agents.<br><br>Who Has It:<br><br>There are reports the Al Qaeda terror network has tried to make various chemical weapons. Russia and the United States have known stockpiles of sarin. It is also thought India, South Korea and Syria, among others, also have supplies of various nerve agents.<br><br>It is not clear how secure such nations can keep these supplies. Such weapons are attractive to terrorist groups because they are easily accessible, the parts to make them are generally legal and cheap to obtain.<br><br>As a result, many military and terrorism experts believe there will be an increasing trend in the use of such weapons.<br><br>Nuclear Warfare<br><br>History:<br><br>Nuclear weapons produce devastating and long-term effects on human and animal life, as well as the environments in which they live. These are the hardest of all types of weapons to make because the critical nuclear elements plutonium and/or highly enriched uranium are hard to come by, and are very expensive.<br><br>The United States dropped one atomic bomb each on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, bringing and end to World War II. The Soviet Union became the next country to develop atomic weapons, igniting an arms race and a global interest in nuclear fission devices.<br><br>Traditional nuclear weapons are not the only threat. Officials are concerned terrorists might also target the world's nuclear power plants and supplies.<br><br>One worst-case scenario simulation estimated a one-megaton explosion in Detroit equivalent to a million tons of TNT could kill 250,000 people, injure half a million more, and flatten all buildings within a 1.7-mile radius.<br><br>Decades of arms control negotiations have greatly reduced the number of nuclear weapons around the world. Since 1991, the U.S. Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction program has deactivated 6,032 nuclear warheads and has destroyed 491 ballistic missiles, 438 ballistic missile silos, 101 bombers, 365 submarine-launched missiles, 408 submarine missile launchers, and 25 strategic missile submarines. It has sealed 194 nuclear test tunnels.<br><br>On May 1, 2000, five nuclear weapon states China, France, Russia, Britain and the U.S. issued a 23-point joint statement pledging their "unequivocal commitment to the ultimate goals of a complete disarmament under strict and effective international controls."<br><br>Other nations known or believed to have nuclear weapons have not signed such agreements, however. Among those nations are India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea.<br><br><img style="float:right;margin:10px;border:none;" src="https://www.kenteuroclean.com/~/media/1D2B000C83E24E39847B0373DB2E056B.ashx?w=562&h=223&as=1" width="361" /><br><br>Weapons:<br><br>Atomic bombs, hydrogen bombs, "loose nukes" and "suitcase" bombs<br><br>Delivery Systems:<br><br>These weapons are most likely to be delivered in the form of ballistic missiles or bombs dropped by fly-over bombers. Terrorists could also cause accidents involving nuclear power plants, nuclear medicine machines in hospitals and vehicles used in the transportation of nuclear waste.<br><br>The size of an actual nuclear weapon can be quite small, however, and could easily fit into a large car or truck. That has sparked a fear among many experts that a nuclear warhead could simply be driven into a large city by terrorists and detonated by either a suicide bomber or by remote control.<br><br>Symptoms:<br><br>If people don't die from the initial impact of the blast, depending on the dose of radiation received, victims may experience vomiting, headache, fatigue, weakness, thermal burn-like skin effects, secondary infections, recurring bleeding and hair loss and long-term effects such as cancer or birth defects.<br><br>Treatment:<br><br>Clothing is to be taken off immediately and sealed in an airtight container. Victims should wash themselves off completely with soap and water or with bleach, if necessary. Treatment may also include stomach pumping, laxatives and giving patients various substances to decrease the absorption of radiation in the body's cells and tissue.<br><br>Who Has It:<br><br>The United States has a stockpile of 12,500 nuclear weapons and 103 power plants. Russia has a similar supply. The United Nation's International Atomic Energy Agency oversees 900 of the world's nuclear facilities. Pakistan and India have both exploded nuclear devices in test blasts. Israel and North Korea are two countries believed to possess nuclear weapons.<br><br>Nuclear weapons continue to be a proliferation concern, particularly when North Korea recently announced it was continuing its nuclear arms program, and withdrew from the international Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty.<br><br>One worry of the United States is not so much that North Korea itself will use what weapons it has, but that it will have no qualms about selling them to the highest bidder, whether that bidder be a nation such as Iraq, which sponsors terrorism, or individual terrorist groups like Al-Qaeda.<br><br>Radiological Warfare<br><br>History:<br><br>Radiological weapons are thought by many to be the likely choices for terrorists. Unlike nuclear weapons, they spread radioactive material, which contaminates equipment, facilities, land and acts as a toxic chemical, which can be harmful, and in some cases fatal.<br><br>A "dirty bomb" is the likely choice for terrorists and can kill or injure people by exposing them to radioactive materials, such as cesium-137, iridium-192 or cobalt-60. Atomic experts say the explosion of a dirty bomb containing one kilogram of plutonium in the center of Munich, Germany, could ultimately lead to 120 cancer cases attributable to the blast.<br><br>Weapons:<br><br>"Dirty bomb"<br><br>Delivery Systems:<br><br>Methods of detonating a dirty bomb include devices such as bombs or artillery shells used to disperse harmful radioactive material. This weapon can be used to contaminate livestock, fish and food crops. Most radioactive material isn't soluble in water, so that virtually rules it out as a way for terrorists to contaminate reservoirs or other water supplies.<br><br>Terrorists could launch a systemic attack on a nuclear power plant by venting or overloading a reactor so it acts as a radiological weapon.<br><br>Suspicious containers may display a radiation symbol.<br><br>Symptoms:<br><br>Symptoms can range from mild effects, such as skin reddening, to cancer and death.<br><br>Acute radiation syndrome radiation sickness is usually caused when a person gets a high dose of radiation in mere minutes and can cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhea; later, bone marrow depletion may lead to weight loss, loss of appetite, flu-like symptoms, infection and bleeding.<br><br>People should be suspicious of material that seems to emit heat without any sign of external heating source, as well as any glowing materials or particles. The glowing indicates a strongly radioactive subtance.<br><br>Treatment:<br><br>Radiation victims should take off their clothes and wash themselves with soap and water using bleach if necessary. Hospital workers will provide treatment depending on the amount of radiation received.<br><br>Who Has It:<br><br>Iraq and Al Qaeda are just two of the countries and/or terrorist groups believed to have dirty bombs. Virtually every country, however, has the materials to make them. Insecure nuclear facilities throughout the world compound the problem.<br><br>Other Weapons<br><br>History:<br><br>There are various weapons - many of which are still under development - that may not fall into the category of a "biological," "chemical," "radiological" or "nuclear weapon."<br><br>Weapons:<br><br>"E-Bomb"<br><br>Delivery Systems:<br><br>An "E-bomb" most likely would be delivered via unmanned cruise missiles, fired from a long-range 155 mm artillery gun or MLRS rocket launcher.<br><br>Symptoms:<br><br>An E-bomb knocks out electronic devices and communication systems, and melts or fuses electrical wiring together. Home computer or personal digital assistants would be warm to the touch, and their data would be destroyed. Lights would flicker on and off and phones would be scrambled. If a human were directly hit by high-powered microwaves and is near electrical equipment or has a pacemaker, he or she may suffer from serious burns or brain damage.<br><br>Treatment:<br><br>Humans would receive treatment as needed for burns or other injuries.<br><br>Who Has It:<br><br>The United States may try to use an E-bomb to seize the Iraqi airwaves if a war is launched on that country. The e-bomb will knock out Saddam Hussein's ability to communicate with his military and the Iraq people.<br><br>What To Do<br><br>In the Case of a Biological or Chemical Attack:<br><br>In case of a biological or chemical attack, listen to your radio for instructions from authorities on whether to remain inside or evacuate. If instructed to stay inside, turn off all ventilation and seek shelter in an internal room, preferably one without windows. Seal the room with plastic sheeting and duct tape. Remain in protected areas where toxic vapors are reduced or eliminated and take a battery-operated radio with you.<br><br>Seek medical attention immediately if you suffer from symptoms of exposure. Pay close attention to all official warnings and instructions on how to proceed. If exposed, remove clothes and seal in plastic bag, wash off with soapy water immediately. For more information, visit the CDC Web site at www.bt.cdc.gov.<br><br>If you believe that you have been exposed to a biological or chemical agent, or if you believe an intentional biological threat will occur or is occurring, please contact your local health department and/or your local police or other law enforcement agency.<br><br>For more information on how to respond to an attack, consult FEMA's "Are You Ready? A Guide to Citizen Preparedness"<br><br>For information on state and local health departments: www.cdc.gov/other.htm#states<br><br>Health agency contact directories: www.statepublichealth.org<br><br>For questions about smallpox, visit www.bt.cdc.gov/agent/smallpox/index.asp, or call the CDC public response hotline at (888) 246-2675 (English), (888) 246-2857 (Espaol), or (866) 874-2646 (TTY).<br><br>Contacts for use by state and local health officials and healthcare providers: CDC Emergency Response Hotline (24 hours) 770-488-7100, program questions: 404-639-0385.<br><br>In the Case of a Nuclear or Radiological Attack:<br><br>If there were a threat of a nuclear or radiological attack, people living around potential targets such as military bases and chemical plants, may be advised to evacuate. Protection from radioactive fallout would require taking shelter in an underground area, or in the middle of a large building. Blast shelters offer some protection, but cannot withstand a direct hit from a nuclear detonation. Fallout shelters can be any protected space where the walls and roof are thick and dense enough to absorb radiation. The more distance and time you put between you and the fallout particles, the better. Some fallout shelters are designated by yellow and black shelter signs, although many were removed at the end of the Cold War.<br><br>During a nuclear attack, do not look at the flash or fireball. Take cover as quickly as possible below ground, if possible and stay there until instructed otherwise. If you can't get inside a building, take cover behind anything, lie flat on the ground and cover your head. Fallout may not arrive for 20 minutes or so after the blast but can be carried by wind for hundreds of miles, so seek a shelter that will offer a strong shield against harmful material that is farther away from where the device was detonated.<br><br>After a radiological or nuclear attack, people shouldn't leave their shelter until officials say so. The length of your stay can range from a day to two to four weeks, depending on the extent of contamination. People who are allowed to come out of hiding may be evacuated to unaffected areas within a few days. While in hiding, people are encouraged to use water and food prudently and cooperate with shelter managers.<br><br>Before returning to a home within range of a bomb's shock wave, check for signs of collapse or damage before entering. Immediately clean up spilled medicines, drugs or flammables. Listen to your battery-powered radio for instructions and information about community services. Do not turn gas back on in house and turn water back on only after you're sure the water system is working properly and isn't contaminated. Stay away from damaged areas and areas marked "radiation hazard" or "HAZMAT."<br><br>For more information on how to respond to an attack, consult FEMA's "Are You Ready? A Guide to Citizen Preparedness"<br><br>For more information on radiation, go to www.cdc.gov/nceh/radiation/response.htm.<br><br>The Red Cross also has information available on how citizens can prepare for a terrorist attack www.redcross.org/services/disaster/keepsafe/unexpected.html.<br><br>Emergency Alert System:<br><br>In case of an emergency, such as some type of terrorist attack, state or local emergency officials would issue an emergency alert system message to the local media to tell citizens what actions to take. The Emergency Broadcast System is used for this. This sytem is used by local officials almost every day in cases of natural disasters, hazardous material spills and similar emergencies.<br><br>A national emergency alert system can be activated by FEMA at the direction of the White House. This would cause an emergency message to be sent out to a national network of radio stations, coast to coast. That message then filters down to smaller radio, TV and cable stations. This system has never been used.<br><br>WMD Handbook Sources:<br><br>- Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute<br><br>- "Bioterrorism: A Journalist's Guide to Covering Bioterrorism," Radio and Television News Directors Foundation<br><br>- Carnegie Endowment for International Peace<br><br>- Center for Defense Information<br><br>- Center for Nonproliferation Studies<br><br>- Center for Strategic and International Studies<br><br>- Central Intelligence Agency; Chemical/Biological/Radiological Incident Handbook, Oct. 1998<br><br>- Council on Foreign Relations<br><br>- Defense Threat Reduction Agency<br><br>- Federal of American Scientists<br><br>- National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements<br><br>- Nuclear Threat Initiative<br><br>- "Nuclear Weapons Basics," by Professor Richard Mueller<br><br>- Popular Mechanics Magazine, Sept. 2001<br><br>- "Radiological Weapons as Means of Attack," by Anthony H. Cordesman, CSIS<br><br>- RAND Corporation; RAND reports entitled "Strategic Appraisal; U.S. Air and Space Power in the 21st Century," and "Countering Weapons of Mass Destruction and Ballistic Missiles"<br><br>- United Nations' International Atomic Energy Agency<br><br>- U.S. Army Institute of Infectious Diseases<br><br>- U.S. Army Soldier and Biological Chemical Command<br><br>- U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention<br><br>- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency<br><br>- U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission<br><br>- GlobalSecurity.org<br><br><a href='http://www.foxnews.com/story/2006/06/20/weapons-mass-destruction-handbook.html'>http://www.foxnews.com/story/2006/06/20/weapons-mass-destruction-handbook.html</a><br><br>[[/html]] - Comments: 0

CNN.com - Transcripts - 23 Oct 2015 05:19

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[[html]]Return to Transcripts main page<br><br>NANCY GRACE<br><br>DNA Evidence Prompted Quick Arrest in Yale Murder<br><br>Aired September 18, 2009 - 20:00:00 ET<br><br>THIS IS A RUSH TRANSCRIPT. THIS COPY MAY NOT BE IN ITS FINAL FORM AND MAY BE UPDATED.<br><br>NANCY GRACE, HOST: Breaking news tonight. Live to Connecticut and the sudden disappearance of a gorgeous young Ivy League doctoral student just before she‘s set to walk down the aisle, the 24-year-old beauty last spotted on grainy surveillance video walking into a Yale research building. A false fire alarm mysteriously goes off in the building. People rush out. Annie Le is never seen again.<br><br>At nearly the exact hour Le set to walk down the aisle — wedding dress on a hanger in the closet, flowers ordered — the girl`s body found stuffed in a two-foot wall cable space there at Yale`s research building, bloody clothes found high over investigators` heads behind ceiling tiles. In the early morning hours, police storm a Super 8 motel to arrest 24-year- old Yale lab tech Raymond Clark on murder one.<br><br>Bombshell tonight. We confirm lab tech Raymond Clark spotted frantically trying to clean his own cleaning equipment, bottles, a lab cart. Now we know Clark was allegedly trying to clean away Le`s blood. Stunning lab results reportedly place Clark and Le`s DNA both in that 24- inch wall space, her blood on his boots, his DNA on her body, waiting tonight to determine whether it`s blood or sperm.<br><br>We also confirm Clark`s favorite signature green ink pen found lodged in a crevice in the basement where Le`s body concealed. He even allegedly went back to retrieve it. When asked on a polygraph, Do you know where Le is now, the alleged control freak`s answer went off the chart.<br><br>And tonight: In a bizarre twist, did Clark have help, an alleged accomplice to hide Le`s body? And finally, the truth about who set that fire alarm. Key card swipes placing Clark at the crime scene before and after Le last seen alive, revealing he`s in and out of that lab no less than 10 times, Clark spending his workdays cleaning cages that house experimental mice.<br><br>In play tonight, text messages between Clark and his 90-pound victim. Do they reveal motive for murder? He reportedly is covered with defensive wounds, a bead from Le`s necklace found torn from her throat on the floor of the crime scene. Cause of death, Le manually strangled to death.<br><br>And tonight: Uncovered, an alleged history of stalking women, allegations from a former girlfriend claiming he forces her to have sex, then threatens her when she tries to break it off. No charges ever filed. And finally tonight, was this brutal and senseless murder all over laboratory mice cages? With a community and a university reeling, a family grieving and a young groom left at the altar with a broken heart, tonight we want justice for 24-year-old bride-to-be Annie Le.<br><br>(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Shocking developments today. Reports emerge DNA from the lab worker accused of killing Annie Le was found in both the ceiling tiles containing the bloody clothes and the crawlspace where Le`s body was found. Not only that, but sources now tell that "The Hartford Courant" that Raymond Clark III was seen trying to hide lab cleaning equipment containing blood spatters. Clark was also reportedly observed cleaning up areas that Annie Le was in the day of her murder.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Raymond Clark, the man now charged of Yale graduate student Annie Le in what police say is a place of, quote, "workplace violence".<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Apparently, he was very concerned about how people kept their mice, their cages. There have been some reports that he got very upset when people wouldn`t wear plastic booties into the lab or when people wouldn`t keep their cages clean.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Police say he strangled this innocent bride-to-be, stuffed her body in a wall where it was found on what should have been her wedding day.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: A report that investigators traced Clark and Le`s movements through computerized swipe cards inside the lab.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: "The Hartford Courant" reports those records indicate Clark was the last to see Le alive.<br><br>(END VIDEO CLIP)<br><br>GRACE: And special guest tonight — she skydives, she NASCARs, and she writes. Talk morning show host HLN`s Robin Meade live tonight with her new book.<br><br>(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)<br><br>ROBIN MEADE, HLN HOST: What`s with your penchant for jumping still?<br><br>GEORGE H.W. BUSH, FORMER PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES: It still feels good.<br><br>(LAUGHTER)<br><br>MEADE: You look really good!<br><br>Nobody told me how to get out.<br><br>(CROSSTALK)<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: All this stuff…<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Clutter.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: So when they are ready…<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Still clutter.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: … to fix (ph) the Robin Meade museum, I`m the girl.<br><br>(LAUGHTER)<br><br>(END VIDEO CLIP)<br><br>GRACE: Good evening. I`m Nancy Grace. I want to thank you for being with us. At almost the exact hour a gorgeous young Ivy League grad student, Annie Le, set to walk down the aisle — wedding dress on the hanger in the closet, flowers ordered — the girl`s body found stuffed in a wall at Yale University`s research building. Tonight, stunning details inside the hunt for a killer.<br><br>(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: This was not a street crime. It was not a domestic crime. It was a workplace crime.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Police looking into whether Clark`s attitude may have led to a deadly confrontation.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Annie Le was strangled to death in the lab where she worked. Clark, who also worked there, is charged with doing it and then trying to hide her body behind a wall in the lab`s basement.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Reports surface that DNA from accused murderer Raymond Clark III was found in both the ceiling and the tiny crawlspace where Le`s body was uncovered Sunday. According to reports, police observed Clark trying to hide lab cleaning equipment containing blood spatters. A law enforcement official told "The Hartford Courant" that Clark was spotted cleaning up areas Le was in shortly before she was reported missing.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Co-workers tell police he was a control freak. He`s also territorial when it came to the lab and the mice that he took care of.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s being reported that he, who maintained the cages and animals, was upset at her, Annie Le, because she was leaving her cage in disorder or dirty.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: It`s being reported that there was a text message the morning of the day she went missing asking her to meet with him at the lab.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Arrested and brought into court, facing murder a charge at just 24, the police chief makes it clear the lab where they both worked is where the violence was born.<br><br>(END VIDEO CLIP)<br><br>GRACE: Straight out to Thomas Kaplan, editor-in-chief with "The Yale Daily News." What can you tell us about the possibility that there was an accomplice?<br><br>THOMAS KAPLAN, "YALE DAILY NEWS": Well, that`s what some reports have indicated today. Now, we did hear from police yesterday. They said they have no additional suspects, and they indicated that they don`t really anticipate to have any further suspects. So the police have kind of put cold water on that, but there have been some reports today. So we don`t really know right now, Nancy.<br><br>GRACE: Now, what I want to talk about very quickly is the DNA result. Out to Jean Casarez, legal correspondent, In Session. I`m understanding that he was seen frantically trying to clean his own cleaning equipment. He was responsible for cleaning the experimental mouse cages and other cleaning in and around the research area. He was the lab technician. I understand that her DNA is on his cleaning equipment and what he was trying to clean away was her blood?<br><br>JEAN CASAREZ, IN SESSION: It`s really interlocking today, surfacing that when investigators realized that Annie Le was missing and they went to the lab building, and they were talking to people that routinely were at the lab building, and at least one investigator noticed someone seemed to be trying to take cleaning equipment and put it away. It was later found there was blood spatter on that cleaning equipment, and that was Raymond Clark.<br><br>GRACE: What about the rest? Everyone, you`re seeing photos of suspect Raymond Clark from MySpace. Jean Casarez, what can you tell me about other reported DNA results?<br><br>CASAREZ: Well, in the ceiling tile, we heard originally there was bloody clothes. Now we`re hearing there was DNA of Annie Le and DNA of Raymond Clark. And also in that crawlspace, in the closet where her body was found, there was DNA of Raymond Clark, especially a green pen that he adored, apparently. He used to sign with it every day, sign into work. It was his green pen. Everyone knew he always used it.<br><br>GRACE: And to Rupa Mikkilineni, our producer there at the police station in New Haven. Rupa, about these allegations that the entire motive may have been over mice cages?<br><br>RUPA MIKKILINENI, NANCY GRACE PRODUCER: That`s right, Nancy. There are reports out there that are coming from other media sources that there had been an e-mail chain prior to this week in the past between them about her level of taking care of the animals, the mice in the cages. Then, most recently, that morning that she approached (ph) — she went over to the Amistad laboratory building, she received a text message supposedly from him, asking him — asking her to come over and meet him to talk about this.<br><br>GRACE: To Al Jones, reporter with 1010 WINS. He was in court when he appeared in court. He is there at the police station, joining us tonight. Al, I understand that immediately after this story happened, after this, really, kidnap and murder went down, Yale issues a policy about zero tolerance in — of harassment in the workplace. Now I`m hearing reports that for a long time, this guy`s been a, quote, "control freak," driving everybody crazy. And now we find out about repeated text messages to the 90-pound victim about how she cleaned the mice cages?<br><br>AL JONES, 1010 WINS RADIO: Yes. We`re hearing a little bit of conflicting information on that. You have the story from investigators, who paint Raymond Clark as someone who guarded his turf very jealously, that that basement lab area was his area and that he felt like he was in control of it, he became very irritated when researchers would leave a mess (INAUDIBLE)<br><br>GRACE: OK. Hold on. Hold on. Al — Al, I`m having a really hard time hearing you. Let me go quickly to Jean Casarez. Jean, do you know anything about this alleged motive?<br><br>CASAREZ: Well, I think they`re saying now that they are not the sure of the motive. But if you look at the text messages, which I am sure are part of the search warrant that are still sealed, there are allegations that he was upset at her because she, as a laboratory scientist, was not keeping the area as clean as it should have. That was Raymond Clark`s duty. And there may have been issues between the two of them on his part, Raymond Clark`s, in regard to Annie Le.<br><br>GRACE: Everyone, you are seeing video, you are seeing raw footage of him in court, still dressed in his preppy khaki pants and his polo shirt.<br><br>To you, Sheryl McCollum, crime analyst. What do you think police have against him?<br><br><img style="float:left;margin:10px;border:none;" src="http://sell.bizrice.com/upload/20120106/Roll_brush_Dry_foam_Carpet_Cleaning_Equipment.jpg" width="388" /><br><br>SHERYL MCCOLLUM, CRIME ANALYST: They`re stacking up some beautiful pieces, Nancy. First of all, he failed the polygraph. He hid bloody clothes. He has got his DNA in two separate places that match he and the victim.<br><br>(COMMERCIAL BREAK)<br><br>(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: With his head bowed, ankles in shackles, 24- year-old Raymond Clark III was brought before a judge and charged with the strangling murder of Yale graduate student Annie Le.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: The body of Annie Le, his alleged victim, described as a brilliant student, was found inside a wall of the Yale medical school building on Sunday on what would have been her wedding day.<br><br><object width="400" height="241"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/NZ7KyADENDs&hl=en_US&fs=1&"></param><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true"></param><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always"></param><embed src="http://www.youtube.com/v/NZ7KyADENDs&hl=en_US&fs=1&" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true" width="400" height="241"></embed></object><br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: What kind of relationship did Raymond Clark III have with the victim, Annie Le?<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The police chief did say about the relationship was that it was not a romantic relationship, calling it…<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: … an issue of workplace violence.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: He was a lab technician who cleaned cages for laboratory mice that were used in that lab, she a Ph.D. student who did research in that lab.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Apparently, he was very concerned about how people kept their mice, their cages. There have been some reports that he got very upset when people wouldn`t wear plastic booties into the lab or when people wouldn`t keep their cages clean. And there`s some thought that maybe that contributed here to why he might have had a problem with Annie.<br><br>(END VIDEO CLIP)<br><br>GRACE: I want to go straight back to Thomas Kaplan, editor-in-chief, "Yale Daily News," who broke the story of the missing student. Thomas, what can you tell me, have we gotten to the truth finally about who set off that fire alarm?<br><br>KAPLAN: No, Nancy, unfortunately, no news there tonight. There have been some reports addressing that maybe Raymond Clark did set off the alarm to give him an excuse to leave the building after he killed Annie Le, allegedly, but no official information from police on what happened there.<br><br>GRACE: What about it, Rupa? What do we know?<br><br>MIKKILINENI: Nancy, there`s been a lot of speculation from various people and various law enforcement agencies. What I`ve been told by Chief Lewis with the New Haven Police Department is that they are still unsure whether he tripped that alarm on purpose. But I believe that the Connecticut State Police is still investigating this.<br><br>GRACE: Well, according to "The Daily News," they have a source inside the police department that states police now believe Raymond Clark tripped the fire alarm. Now, that would suggest to me — let`s unleash the lawyers, Anne Bremner, high-profile lawyer out of Seattle, and Christopher Amolsch, defense attorney out of Washington, D.C.<br><br>Anne Bremner, if it can be proved that he tripped the fire alarm, there goes all of his claim for insanity, his claim for crime of passion in the heat of a moment, in the middle of an argument, because he is laboriously and methodically covering his tracks.<br><br>ANNE BREMNER, DEFENSE ATTORNEY: Well, that`s a great argument, Nancy. You know, when I listened to your intro, I felt like, as a defense attorney, if I was sitting in court, I`d be just thinking, Oh, case over. But the thing is, you know, this is so weird. Is this, you know, of mice and murder? He`s worried about the mice cages? You know, he`s upset to the point of wanting to kill somebody?<br><br>I think in this case, there`s more to be seen in terms of what`s going on in his noggin because it`s too bizarre. It`ll go down in the annals of crime as one of the weirdest motives, if, indeed, this is the motive, for homicide. And therefore, I think there could be some kind of a mental defense.<br><br>GRACE: OK. I think that was you answering that question by claiming…<br><br>BREMNER: It was…<br><br>GRACE: … that even though he methodically hid body, was seen cleaning his own cleaning equipment that was spattered with her blood, and he set off a false fire alarm to evacuate the building, according to "The Daily News," and hide body, that he`s still crazy.<br><br>Now, you know what? Christopher Amolsch, if you can pull all that off in the middle of Yale University, in a building that is high-tech security, you`re not crazy.<br><br>CHRISTOPHER AMOLSCH, DEFENSE ATTORNEY: Well, I think there`s a difference between — obviously, between being insane as a defense and having mental issues, which is a mitigation as it relates to sentence. I mean, you`re probably not going to be able to find him not guilty based on that, but you could probably find him guilty of something less than first- degree murder and maybe spare him, you know, a life in prison.<br><br>GRACE: Based on what? You said something less than murder one based on that. What is that, sir?<br><br>AMOLSCH: Well, what you`re pointing at is all the things that he did afterwards, which really doesn`t go to what his state of mind was when he committed the crime.<br><br>GRACE: It`s within the same hour!<br><br>AMOLSCH: Well…<br><br>GRACE: It`s not like he went insane and then got well.<br><br>AMOLSCH: Well, we don`t know actually when she was killed. But what we do know is that afterwards…<br><br>GRACE: Christopher…<br><br>AMOLSCH: … he took…<br><br>GRACE: Christopher…<br><br>AMOLSCH: … that he took steps…<br><br>GRACE: Christopher…<br><br>AMOLSCH: … to try to hide his crime…<br><br>GRACE: Uh-uh. Uh-uh. Uh-uh.<br><br><img src="http://www.posiesproducts.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/Cleaning-Equipment.jpg" width="382" /><br><br>AMOLSCH: … assuming he did it. But that doesn`t mean at the time that he did it, he wasn`t operating under some sort of mental deficiency.<br><br><object width="400" height="241"><param name="movie" value="http://www.youtube.com/v/N-BaAYOjlco&hl=en_US&fs=1&"></param><param name="allowFullScreen" value="true"></param><param name="allowscriptaccess" value="always"></param><embed src="http://www.youtube.com/v/N-BaAYOjlco&hl=en_US&fs=1&" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" allowscriptaccess="always" allowfullscreen="true" width="400" height="241"></embed></object><br><br>GRACE: I just can`t let you get away with that, Christopher Amolsch, because we know for a fact that she was murdered and hidden within 10:00 to 11:00, 11:00 to 12:00, 12:00 to 1:00, three hours, within a three-hour space, a quarter of one, less than three hours. So he goes crazy, then he gets well in two hours and 45 minutes?<br><br>AMOLSCH: Well, nobody`s saying that he`s getting well. But I mean, the difference between something that you do now and three hours later, when you realize the horrible mistake you made, absolutely goes to the level of culpability.<br><br>GRACE: Could you put Amolsch back on the screen please immediately? Did you say "mistake," his horrible mistake, like, Oops?<br><br>AMOLSCH: No. No, I didn`t — I didn`t say that. What I said…<br><br>GRACE: You did say "mistake."<br><br>AMOLSCH: Well, I don`t think that`s what I said. But what I`ll say…<br><br>GRACE: Yes, you did. You said "horrible mistake."<br><br>(CROSSTALK)<br><br>AMOLSCH: I`ll say what I said again. What he did was, after — well, people can be guilty, Nancy, while making bad choices, and I think that`s what happened in this case.<br><br>(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Raymond Clark allegedly had a propensity for violence. According to a 2003 police report, cops were called to the school in the wake of a dispute with his then girlfriend. Quote, "She stated that she had been having a sexual relationship with him and that at one time, he did force her to have sex with him." Now, no charges were ever filed. The relationship continued afterwards.<br><br>(END VIDEO CLIP)<br><br>(COMMERCIAL BREAK)<br><br>(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Forensic evidence, surveillance video and more than 150 interviews with people led to the arrest.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: As far as we know, there were no witnesses to this crime. So if he`s the right guy, we`ll be looking at a lot of scientific evidence.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: There are two key pieces of evidence that could definitively link Clark to the scene and possibly to the crime itself.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The magnetic swipe card shows that he swiped at least 10 times in the hour surrounding her death.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The magnetic swipe card is one of the ways that police zeroed in on him, that they followed the computerized swipes of his ID card and her ID card.<br><br>(END VIDEO CLIP)<br><br>GRACE: Sheryl McCollum, a cold case expert, crime scene analyst, has brought up an excellent point. Out to you, Al Jones with 1010 WINS. He has alleged defensive wounds, scratches, bruises, abrasions on his chest, his back, arms, face, right ear. Now, this little girl, this woman, 90 pounds, not even 5 feet, unless he tried to sexually molest her, what was he doing without a shirt on? How could she in any configuration get back to scratch his back or chest if he had his shirt on? He`s 5-9 and weighs about 190 pounds.<br><br>JONES: Well, Nancy, the time that we got the best look at him, we could not tell if he had any scratches on his chest or his arm. This was when he was walked into court with leg shackles. We could see that he had tattoos on his arms. He was wearing a short-sleeved shirt. And he did have a slight bruise under his left eye. But as far as scratches on his chest, his neck, his arms, we couldn`t make that out in court.<br><br>GRACE: Let`s go to self-defense trainer Megan Gilroy (ph). She`s going to give us a quick demonstration. But Megan, he`s got scratches, abrasions, bruises on his chest, the skin on his chest and back, that has been reported. What do you believe about these so-called defensive wounds?<br><br>PHILIP MESSINA, SELF-DEFENSE EXPERT: Well, I believe that it probably signifies that at some point in the struggle, he was straddling her. And because she had relatively short arms, she probably could not reach his eyes but could reach areas like the chest, the arms and the back, and possibly even as high as the nose or the bottom of the ear.<br><br>GRACE: But Philip Messina — Philip Messina, he had have his shirt off for her to scratch his back and chest that way.<br><br>MESSINA: That`s why I say at some point. I believe there was probably things that happened before that, but at some point, he was maybe attempting to do something sexual or just attempting to finish the job. But at some point, in order for him to have scratches on the chest, the arms, and the back especially, those are areas that one could reach if someone was sitting on top of you and you couldn`t reach their eyes or their face.<br><br>GRACE: We`ll be back with Philip Messina, president of the Modern Warrior Defense Tactics Institute.<br><br>(COMMERCIAL BREAK)<br><br>(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Mr. Clark has been a lab technician at Yale since December 2004. Nothing in the history of his employment here gave any indication that his involvement in such a crime might be possible. <br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: The 24-year-old Le was strangled to death. <br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Her body was found in the building she was last seen entering. <br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Stuffed in a two-foot wall cable space. <br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Police say that this arrest warrant has been sealed, and because of that, they did not speak about the motive. <br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Apparently he had certain standards and he was concerned that she wasn`t taking good enough — clean enough care of the animals. <br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Based on what we`ve heard so far, his issues of control. If she confronted him, or criticized him in some way, or even this e-mail exchange where he — she wasn`t doing things the way that he wanted her to.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: There is a rage there. There is a very controlling and absolutely from everything that we`ve learned about him, there`s definitely, you can see it. He`s definitely very focused. <br><br>(END VIDEO CLIP)<br><br>NANCY GRACE, HEADLINE NEWS ANCHOR, NANCY GRACE: Joining us, right now, is renowned forensic scientist, world renowned, distinguished professor at University of New Haven, Doctor Henry Lee. <br><br>Henry, thank you for being with us. My first question is — <br><br>DR. HENRY LEE, FORENSIC SCIENTIST, UNIV. OF NEW HAVEN: Thank you, Nancy. <br><br>GRACE: If Clark did try to clean up, how could you tell? How could you tell by looking at the DNA, by looking at the blood markings, that he was actually trying to clean up? How do you know the difference between a cleanup and blood spatter? <br><br>LEE: OK, the blood spatter usually have defined characteristics, have shape and patterns. Cleanup usually considered as a smudge. If you use water or cleaning solution, now it become a diluted blood stain. We as experienced forensic scientists easily can to tell. <br><br>The thing that I don`t understand, in your reports say police officers saw him clean his cleaning bottles. If the police officer saw him cleaning, should right away stop him, seize the evidence. And the blood spatter, which of course, which we can use enhanced imaging to restore the pattern to determine that`s a drop or a medium-velocity impact spatter, even the medium allows the impact spatter, then it has to have another type of a traumatic force to cause some bleeding. <br><br>GRACE: Right. So, Doctor Lee , my simple rudimentary interpretation of what you said is, with blood spatter, now a theory is emerging that he struck her before the strangulation. That could explain some of the blood. You would see, as if you had paint on your hand, and did like that on the wall. <br><br>LEE: Yes. <br><br>GRACE: As compared to cleaning it. You would see a smudge mark where — <br><br>LEE: Right. <br><br>GRACE: OK. I got it. And very quickly, Doctor Henry Lee , can you get rid of DNA with, for instance, a cleaning solution? <br><br>LEE: Yes, in fact, yes. UV light can destroy some DNA evidence and bleach solution can destroy some evidence. However, what this case so important is his clothing, boots, found her DNA.<br><br>GRACE: Exactly. <br><br>LEE: Or some of her clothing found his DNA, depends on the outer layer or inner layer of clothing. The most inner layer clothing, if found, his DNA become even more important. <br><br>GRACE: To a neighbor of Raymond Clark`s, Ann Marie Goodwin, a special guest joining us tonight from Hamden (ph), Connecticut. <br><br>Ms. Goodwin, thank you for being with us.<br><br>ANNMARIE GOODWIN, CLARK`S NEIGHBOR: Thanks for having me.<br><br>GRACE: What was your impression of him? How stunned were you when you heard this news? <br><br>GOODWIN: I was shocked, but knowing him like I did, which wasn`t that well, I believe that he could have done it. <br><br>GRACE: Why do you say that? <br><br>GOODWIN: Just because he seemed like the type of person that could snap at any minute. <br><br>GRACE: Has it ever been reported that he had a controlling personality, a control freak? <br><br>GOODWIN: Yeah, I`ve said that. I said, I know him to be controlling with his girlfriend. <br><br>GRACE: In what way? <br><br>GOODWIN: Just bossing her around, telling her to, come on, hurry up, like if he dropped his keys, I`ve seen him drop his keys, she`d bend down to get them. She always walked behind him. That type of thing. <br><br>GRACE: Huh. And you personally observed that? <br><br>GOODWIN: Yeah. They had to walk by my door twice a day, coming in, coming out, every time they left their house. <br><br>GRACE: And what exactly would he say and do? <br><br>GOODWIN: He was just a very negative person. Every time — I`ve never seen him say a positive thing. He wouldn`t stop to say hello to you. He yelled at my son one time. <br><br>GRACE: About what? <br><br>GOODWIN: Trash being in the hallway. <br><br>GRACE: How old is your son? <br><br>GOODWIN: I have three sons. The son that he yelled at, at the time, was 16. <br><br>GRACE: Huh. Now, when you first learned that he had been charged with murder, what was your initial reaction? <br><br>GOODWIN: I knew that guy was a weirdo. <br><br>GRACE: Well, that says it in a nutshell, Ms. Goodwin. I want to ask you, an evidentiary question. Did he, in fact, live with pets? <br><br>GOODWIN: Yes. In fact, he had two pit bulls that he left locked upstairs in like — you know those metal dog cages? He used to leave them locked up in the summer months, all day long, barking and yelping. <br><br>GRACE: Well, I heard reports that he had three cats. <br><br>GOODWIN: I know. My son Taylor said that. And to this day he swears he had cats. I never seen any cats. Will I`m not saying he didn`t have cats. <br><br>GRACE: Well, you know what, if he doesn`t have a cat, he better get one. Because he told police that all those defensive wounds on him were because of his cat. <br><br>Everybody, you`re seeing photos of suspect Raymond Clark, from MySpace. We`re speaking with a special guest joining us tonight, Ann Marie Goodwin, a neighbor of Raymond Clark`s. <br><br>To Belisa Vranich, psychologist joining us from New York. <br><br>What is your take on it? <br><br>BELISA VRANICH, CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST: I have been on the edge of my seat, Nancy, thank you. I have to disagree that this has anything to do with mice or clean booties or control. We`re talking about a really disturbed, twisted individual who has a history of misogynistic tick behavior. So, my focus is completely different, as a psychologist. <br><br>GRACE: What would you say the motive is? <br><br>VRANICH: I would say he has a history of hating women. And in this case he called her in to be able to hurt her and possibly kill her. So this does not have anything to do with mice and doesn`t have anything to do with control. It has to do with anger and someone who has a really twisted, twisted, disturbed personality. <br><br>GRACE: To Al Jones, with 1010 Wins (ph), what can you tell me about what green signature ink pen? And how his favorite pen plays into a murder investigation? <br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Well, Nancy, investigators believe that one of the ways that Raymond Clark tried to distinguish his work from that of other lab techs was to use green ink. He used a green pen to sign in and out of the log each day. <br><br>Now, "The Daily News" is reporting that a green pen was found in a crevice in the lab room where Annie Le `s body was. In a twist from a MacGyver plot, the day after she was reported missing, the day after she was murdered, police noticed that Clark was walking around the room and had a backpack. They looked in the backpack, and what they found were fishing hooks, wire, and bubble gum. Obviously the equipment you`d need to retrieve a pen out of a crevice. <br><br>OK. I`m just trying to soak all that in, Al Jones. <br><br>Sheryl McCollum (ph), you and I have handled a lot of cases together. Why, why do they always go back to the scene? There could have been a million ways he could have explained away that pen. He was rightfully in the basement on many occasions. <br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Absolutely. <br><br>GRACE: But he had to go back with a fish hook and bubble gum? <br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Yeah. It is mind boggling, Nancy, that he would go to that much trouble to hide bloody clothes in the ceiling, hide her in the wall, but Lord knows we`ve got to go back and get that pen. <br><br>(COMMERCIAL BREAK)<br><br>(BEGIN VIDEO CLIP)<br><br>ROBIN MEADE, HEADLINE NEWS ANCHOR: Does anything look familiar to you? Yeah. I mean, do you recognize anybody around here? Do you know — <br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: No. <br><br>MEADE: No? <br><br>Very pretty. Yeah. <br><br>Come on. Everybody needs a little sparkle even when you`re working on Habitat for Humanity houses. Why not? <br><br>I`m just doing my job. Thank you so much of. Nice to meet you. Thank you for the job that you do. This is one of the makeup artists that transformed me from Jabba, The Hut, in the morning to anchorwoman. <br><br>So lonely! <br><br>(END VIDEO CLIP)<br><br>GRACE: Forget about my book. Let`s talk about hers. With me, my friend and colleague Robin Meade. <br><br>Will you just stop looking beautiful for just one minute? <br><br>MEADE: Nancy! <br><br>GRACE: I demanded that they ruin your lighting but apparently it`s impossible. <br><br>MEADE: You`re such a doll. Thank you. <br><br>GRACE: This is great. Your book, "Morning Sunshine: How to Radiate Confidence and Feel It Too." It was very hard for me to believe, and having been a trained observer since I was in the courtroom many, many years ago, that you have ever had a confidence problem, much less one so severe that you have had panic attacks on air, which I for one have never noticed, and the twins and I watch you every morning. <br><br>MEADE: Thanks. <br><br>GRACE: Never seen any confidence problem. But they were so severe that you sought help and have written this book. <br><br>MEADE: Yeah. This was about 10 years ago, so it`s before I came to HLN. For me, my confidence issues were not about appearances. I think a lot of people think, well, if you look a certain way, then you must not have confidence problems, but for me it was.<br><br>GRACE: Are you suggesting that you`re beautiful? <br><br>MEADE: No, not at all! <br><br>GRACE: OK. <br><br>MEADE: Nancy! No, but I think most people — <br><br>GRACE: Because you are, OK? <br><br>MEADE: Thank you, sweetheart. <br><br>GRACE: But beyond that —<br><br>MEADE: Oh, honey, you should see this face before the makeup people get ahold of it. See, you`re not hear at 10 in the morning.<br><br>GRACE: So it`s not about looks. <br><br>MEADE: For me it was about whether you find me likeable or not, whether the viewers find me likeable or not. This is when I worked in Chicago. <br><br>GRACE: So you wanted to be liked? <br><br>MEADE: I wanted to be liked. <br><br>GRACE: See, I don`t have that problem. <br><br>MEADE: You know what, and therefore, people like you. <br><br>GRACE: No. Actually, a lot of them hate me. But what I thought was, the more you try to please everybody, every time you change something about yourself, you lose a little bit of yourself. <br><br>MEADE: Bingo! That`s what happened to me. That`s what this book is about. <br><br>So for me, you know, coming up through the ranks of broadcasting, pretty quickly, you go through you a lot of different bosses. But this "need to be liked" started when I was a child. That was my power. That was my popularity in school, right? So do you like me? If you don`t like me, let me make you like me. But along the way, you lose little authentic pieces of yourself because you`re filling somebody else`s prescription of what perfection is. So on the air it manifested in panic attacks on live TV about 10 years ago. <br><br>GRACE: And would the viewers actually know you were having a panic attack? <br><br>MEADE: I couldn`t breathe so it`s a little bit hard to deliver the news when you can`t talk! So I don`t know if they knew what it was, but I know that they probably thought, what is up with her? <br><br>GRACE: Robin, how did you overcome that, and become what you are now? Because there are so many people that have not only that problem but other problems that they have to surmount in order to survive and reach their dreams. So many dreams are cast aside, or forgotten, or derailed because of various problems. But you grabbed yours, grabbed the bull by the horns, and you wrestled. <br><br>MEADE: Well, for about two years I wanted to leave my job and I wanted to leave this career. <br><br>GRACE: I read that. Where you said you gave up. <br><br>MEADE: I really did. And my husband was — <br><br>GRACE: On page 68. <br><br>MEADE: Thank you for reading it. <br><br>My husband was the one who said, if you really want to quit — this is me when I worked in Miami —that is me in Chicago just about the time I was having panic attacks. So, you know, on the outside, that`s me reporting at the `96 Olympics, here in Atlanta. On the outside I was happy, smiley. <br><br>Those are my parents. <br><br>You know, on the inside I was, I want to quit my job. My husband said, if you want to, fine. But I really think there`s something up internally. I don`t think this is the Robin that I married, basically. So I really had to find out, what is the deal? And come to an understanding where my opinion of myself is just as important as other people`s opinion of me. And that is full circle for a lot of people to come at, because we`re people pleasers a lot of us. That`s where the problem came in. <br><br>GRACE: Well, on to page 75, when the twins were born, I promised my family I would give up cursing. But for you, I`m going to make an exception. You state that you released your inner bitch. Explain. <br><br>MEADE: Can I say that on your show, Nancy? <br><br>GRACE: Yes. A lot worse has been said on this show, Robin Meade. <br><br>(LAUGHTER)<br><br>MEADE: How many people - women especially, for some reason we think being nice is the end all-be all. What is nice? I was nice to a fault. I was somebody`s doormat. I would let people walk on me because I wanted them to like me. Through talking with a chiropractor — <br><br>GRACE: You, a doormat? <br><br>MEADE: I was. I had no backbone. <br><br>(CROSS TALK) <br><br>GRACE: Don`t you think everybody, even me, wants to be liked, but at a certain point you can`t let that desire stand in the way of what is right. <br><br>MEADE: Being yourself. <br><br>GRACE: What is right?<br><br>MEADE: Yes. <br><br>GRACE: And saying what`s right and speaking the truth? <br><br>MEADE: It took me a while to come to that. So, yeah, so releasing — I always say, let`s go on a bitch recognition campaign. For me, it was that, I now recognized, you know what? There is a part of me that is a "bee-otch". But before would not recognize that part and kind of put that a way and hide that from the world. <br><br>GRACE: Don` say that, Robin. I`ve got to disagree it. I see that as you being forceful and believing in something. And that in no way equals bitch. I`ve got to say this. I`m so knocked out by Robin`s book "Morning Sunshine." And she overcame a hurdle and is now beautiful and successful — and a friend. Thank you for being with us. <br><br>MEADE: Nancy, thank you so much. I appreciate it. <br><br>GRACE: So run, run, rush — "Morning Sunshine". <br><br>MEADE: For anyone who has self-doubts, and who doesn`t every now and then. Except for Nancy. <br><br>GRACE: Everyone has to go to break, a very special happy birthday to beautiful Ella Stokes, Jacksonville, Florida. At 100, she inspires us. Born on a farm in Macon, Georgia, she walked three miles everyday on a clay road to elementary school. She met her husband, W.H. Stokes, at a little United Methodist church. He was a lifelong railroad man and together they had three sons. A dedicated member of the Eastern Star, her joy: Providing a loving home for her family. And oh, what a cook! Happy birthday, Aunt Ella. <br><br>And happy birthday to California friend Simon! He`s not just celebrating his birthday today, but is now an uncle for the second time of a new baby boy Austin, just born in Dublin. <br><br>Dear Simon, happy birthday. <br><br>And our thoughts and prayers for Lieutenant Colonel Jeffrey Henderson GS13, Glen Balou (ph), and soldiers from the 244th. They are in Iraq and Afghanistan on a special mission. Tonight their message: Command Sergeant Major Glen Bowen sends his love to his wife, Vill (ph), daughters, Glenda, T.C. and Sierra (ph). Major Matt Jutson (ph)says hello, and I miss you to daughters Stacy and Jamie. Colonel Al Fashi (ph) sends his love to wife, Terri. Balou`s (ph) wife, Molly, and daughter Emily also waiting for his safe return. <br><br>Friends, hurry home. And now CNN Heroes. <br><br>(BEGIN VIDEOTAPE)<br><br>ANNOUNCER: This is CNN "Heroes." <br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I`m a single mom. Not having a car, I have to take three busses every morning. I also depend on a friend of mine to get my kids to day care, because of the way the busses run, I`m unable to do it and get to work on time. <br><br>SUSAN JACOBS, CNN HERO, COMMUNITY CRUSADER: I know what it`s like to have the fear of losing my job because I can`t get to work. I was hitchhiking. That didn`t last long because of the kindness actually of a stranger. He said, I`ll let you use one of my vehicles. He was put in my path to help me move forward and made me realize I could make it. <br><br>I`m Susan Jacobs and I provide working wheels to keep families working. <br><br>This is Susan with Wheels to Success.<br><br>Our goal is to try to step in to work with employers so that before they lay someone off, hopefully we have a solution. <br><br>The Cavalier is done, too?<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes.<br><br>JACOBS: We started taking donated cars and doing repairs. Our recipients to pay a monthly payment, for a year, based on sliding scale. And also, give three volunteer hours a month back to the organization. <br><br>Jessica? <br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: I just wanted to tell you, thank you so much. <br><br>JACOBS: You`re so welcome. <br><br>Receiving a car is more than just a car. People literally see how their life`s going to change. <br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: This is awesome. I got my own car. <br><br>JACOBS: I love what I do. My life has made a difference. <br><br>(END VIDEOTAPE)<br><br>(COMMERCIAL BREAK)<br><br>GRACE: What a week in America`s courtrooms. Take a look at the stories, and more important, the people who touched our lives. <br><br>(BEGIN VIDEO MONTAGE)<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: An arrest warrant was signed, by the Honorable Judge Fisher (ph), charging Clark for the murder in death of Annie Le. <br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Breaking news: Police have arrested a lab technician in the killing of Yale grad student Annie Le. <br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Raymond Clark`s bond was set at $3 million.<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Mr. Clark, I`ve read you your rights downstairs earlier in the presence of your attorneys and you understood those rights? <br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Yes, sir.<br><br>GRACE: Police refer to it as workplace violence. I don`t know what that means. Because it is pretty rare that you manually strangle your 90- pound co-worker to death, and stuff her body in the wall. <br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: A former candidate for governor of Kentucky has been arrested for allegedly murdering his ex-fiance. Kentucky lawmaker Steve Nunn`s (ph) ex-girlfriend, Amanda Ross, was found shot to death outside her own home. <br><br>GRACE: I`m stunned that there had been so many complaints, by her, about this suspect, and it wreaks -wreaks - of political favoritism. And now she`s dead!<br><br>UNIDENTIFIED FEMALE: Details emerge in the case of a missing Florida girl Haley Cummings (ph). The brother of stepmom/babysitter, Misty Crofton (ph) has been arrested for theft. <br><br>Tommy Crofton (ph) was arrested Tuesday, accused of stealing a neighbor`s handgun. <br><br>GRACE: Do you believe, or did they take Amanda custody on this argument over a pistol, in order to try to talk about Haley`s disappearance? <br><br>UNIDENTIFIED MALE: Well, they have wanted anyone, Nancy, close to the family, to tell them what they know about Misty, about anything related to the crime. So, I do.<br><br>(END VIDEO MONTAGE)<br><br>GRAVE: Let`s stop and remember Army Captain Adam Snyder, 26, Fort Pierce, Florida, killed, Iraq. A West Point grad on a second tour, remembered as a spark of light in the darkness. Cared about others, a bone marrow donor, volunteer at Habitat for Humanity. Active in community theater, dreamed of moving to California and becoming an actor. Leaves behind parents, Fran and Joseph, 15-year-old brother, Evan. Adam Snyder, American hero. <br><br>Thanks to our guests, especially you, for being with us. A special good night from the New York Control Room, tonight. Good night, Bret, Norm. And good night from award-winning Hollywood superstar, friend of the show, Victoria Rowell -Drucilla, from "The Young and the Restless"; her step-daughter, Olivia. Victoria, a national advocate for foster care and adoption with KC Family Services. And "New York Times" best-selling author of "The Women Who Raised Me". <br><br>And good night to our beloved Shannon, who runs the floor at CNN. She`s going across the hall to Court TV. <br><br>Everyone, I`ll see you tomorrow night, 8:00 sharp, Eastern. Until then, good night, friends. <br><br>END <br><br><a href=’http://www.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0909/18/ng.01.html'>http://www.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0909/18/ng.01.html</a><br><br>[[/html]] - Comments: 0

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